Plants don’t do so well in hard soil. Your grown garden plants need loose soil so that their roots can extend easily into the ground. Saplings and small plants have delicate roots which only thrive in the soil which has been spaded or shuffled up by some other method. Not only do the roots grow more easily in loose soil, but they also have easier access to oxygen, which helps with their sustenance and health.
One way to provide this to your plants is to use a spade to loosen the soil around the plants’ roots occasionally. However, there is always the danger that you’ll end up damaging the plants this way. Getting the spade too close to the roots may end up cutting through them, and you can even damage the stem of the plant.
There is another way you can help your plants attain soft soil and be able to absorb oxygen through their roots. Earth worms do exactly which you need right now. That’s right; earth worms are quite beneficial for your garden, so don’t attempt to harm or remove them.
Benefits of worms
The create compost
Earth worms survive by feeding on tendrils, dead leaves and other left over partial plant parts in the garden soil. This means that they fasten up the decomposition process and help remove any dead plant parts in your garden. This isn’t the best part, however. Not only do they remove the dead plant parts, but they also replace the waste with nutrients in return. They naturally create compost which is great for your plants. Their waste, which is called castings, is quite rich in nutrients.
They loosen the soil
Earth worms dig around in the soil, creating a haphazard system of tunnels. This, in turn, loosens up the soil, giving your plants enough oxygen and also makes it easier for your plants to establish firm roots in the loose soil.
While earth worms reside in the garden soil doing their job, you can get red worms and red wrigglers to make compost out of the garden and kitchen vegetable leftovers. If you insert those into a compost bin with proper amounts of moisture along with the worms, the worms can speed up the process and give a better quality version of compost which you can use to grow saplings which require extra care. Don’t add too much water or your worms and compost will both end up being wasted.
What not to do
Worms are one of the best friends a gardener can have. For this reason, you should take a few measures which can help you avoid causing harm to them. For one, you shouldn’t spade too deep into the ground, as it can destroy the tunnel network created by the worms. The second thing you should avoid is pesticides. They kill off all the insects in your garden, including worms. This is, of course, the last thing you’d want for your garden.